Downton Abbey Wiki
Downton Abbey Wiki

This page is a list of all the characters who do not appear on screen in the Downton Abbey (Programme) but are mentioned by the established characters.

Crawley relatives and more[]

Mrs Branson[]

Violet: "What does your mother make of this?"
Branson: "If you must know, she thinks we're very foolish."
Violet: "So at least we have something in common."
— Violet's reaction to Sybil announcing she plans to marry Tom Branson[src]

Mrs Branson is the mother of Kieran and Tom Branson, mother-in-law of the late Lady Sybil Branson, and paternal grandmother of Sybil Branson. She resides in Dublin. Sybil lives with her after she leaves Downton until she marries Tom.


  • Since Tom mentioned he had at least one cousin, either Mrs Branson or her husband has at least one sibling.
  • It is unknown if Mrs Branson's husband is still alive or if she's a widow.


Tom Branson's Grandfather[]

Tom Branson mentions one of his grandfathers was a tenant farmer in Galway, specializing in Blackface sheep. He seems to have spent some time at the farm, having acquired some knowledge about land and farming.


  • It is unknown if he is still alive, and whether he is Tom's paternal or maternal grandfather.


James Crawley[]

Mr James Crawley (d. 15 April, 1912) was Robert Crawley's first cousin and the original heir to the Earldom and family fortune, but he perished in the sinking of the RMS Titanic[1] along with his only son, Patrick. The family has a memorial for him and his son in London and then in Downton. His aunt Violet Crawley was not fond of him, finding him too similar to his mother with whom she also had negative relationship.

James's body was recovered from the sea and he was buried in Canada[2].

Violet: "I'm very sorry about poor Patrick, of course. He was a nice boy."
Cora: "We were all so fond of him."
Violet: "But I never cared for James. He was too like his mother and a nastier woman never drew breath."
— Violet telling Cora about her grief.[src]

James Crawley's Mother[]

James Crawley's mother was the sister-in-law of Violet Crawley and Robert Crawley's father, the wife of Robert's uncle and the mother to James Crawley, the future heir to the Earldom of Grantham and the grandmother of Patrick Crawley.

Violet Crawley did not get along with her, claiming that "a nastier woman never drew breath"; Violet's dislike also spread to her son, as Violet later stated that she "never cared for James." because "He was too much like his mother".


  • In 1912 Violet refers to her in the past tense, suggesting that she died sometime earlier.
  • If Robert's father succeeded his father as Earl of Grantham, then this woman would have the title of "The Honourable" by marriage[3]



Violet Crawley: "I'm very sorry about poor Patrick, of course. He was a nice boy."
Cora Crawley: "We were all so fond of him."
Violet Crawley: "But I never cared for James. He was too like his mother and a nastier woman never drew breath."
— Violet describes James Crawley's mother while telling Cora about her grief.[src]

Mr Patrick Crawley[]

See Patrick Crawley.

Reginald Crawley[]

Dr Reginald Crawley, Matthew's father, was mentioned twice in Series 1. He died between 1909 and 1912 and was a doctor in Manchester until his death. As he predeceased his cousins James and Patrick Crawley, his son Matthew became heir to the Earldom of Grantham until his own untimely death. Reginald's great-grandfather was a younger son of the 3rd Earl of Grantham.

He studied medicine with his brother-in-law under the tutelage of his father-in-law. Dr Clarkson admitted in 1912 that he was familiar with Reginald's work on the symptoms of infection in children. He also treated dropsy of the heart, a process witnessed by his wife, who later encouraged Dr Clarkson to use the same treatment for John Drake despite Violet's protests.

Isobel later described to Mary and Tom how "sick" with love she was when she got engaged to Reginald. When they described their own romances with Sybil and Matthew respectively, Isobel remarked "Aren't we the lucky ones?!"

Murray: "His mother is alive and he lives with her. His father, obviously, is not. He was a doctor."
Robert: "I know. It does seem odd that my third cousin should be a doctor."
Murray: "There are worse professions."
— Murray and Robert discussing the new heir Matthew[src]

Mr Gordon[]

Mr Gordon is the husband of Robert's aunt who married her in 1860.



Major Gordon: "Did they tell you we're related?"
Edith: "Yes, but I'm afraid I'm not much good at family history. Although Papa's found an aunt in 1860 who married a Gordon. Perhaps that's a clue."
Major Gordon: "No, that isn't it."
— Edith trying to guess at how Major Gordon is related to her.[src]
  • Despite this character being listed as "Gordon" that is not actually his name; his forename is unknown and his surname is "Gordon." The mysterious person calling himself Patrick Gordon claims to be related to the Crawleys and Edith makes a possible connection between him and this "Gordon" saying that a great aunt discovered by Robert "married a Gordon"; as Patrick Gordon is using the surname as the way that they are related.

Marmaduke Painswick[]

Mr Marmaduke Painswick is the late husband of Rosamund Painswick. He was a wealthy banker who acquired a house on Eaton Square where his widow still resides. His fortune made Rosamund a very wealthy woman after they married. The social prominence of his family began with his paternal grandfather, a manufacturer, while his maternal grandfather was a baronet. The non-aristocratic roots of the Painswick family is a never ending source of mockery from his mother-in-law, Violet; however, Violet approved more of Marmaduke than she did of Sir Richard Carlisle.



Rosamund: "Marmaduke wasn't a rough diamond was he, Mama?"
Violet: "No. He was just cut and polished comparatively recently."
— Rosamund and Violet discussing Marmaduke after Lavinia says that Violet "makes Mr Painswick sound like a rough diamond"[src]
Rosamund: "Sir Richard is powerful and rich, and well on the way to a peerage. Of course, he may not be all that one would wish, but Mary can soon smooth off the rough edges."
Violet: "Well, you should know."
Rosamund: "What do you mean by that? Marmaduke was a gentleman!"
Violet: "Marmaduke was the grandson of a manufacturer."
Rosamund: "His mother was the daughter of a baronet."
— Violet and Rosamund argue over Marmaduke[src]

Cousin Freddie[]

Cousin Freddie (fl.1913) was a cousin of Sybil, Edith and Mary, who in 1913, was studying to be a lawyer at Wp icon 16x16 Lincoln's Inn alongside Vivianne MacDonald. Sybil used him as an example to Mary when saying that he was like Matthew.


  • Episode 1.02 (Mentioned only)
Sybil: "Cousin Freddie's studying at the bar - and so is Vivian MacDonald"
Mary: "At Lincoln's Inn! Not sitting at a dirty little desk in Ripon."
Lady Sybil and Lady Mary Crawley on Cousin Freddie in 1913.[src]

1st Earl of Grantham[]

The 1st Earl of Grantham (fl c. 1772 - 1789) was the original holder of the Earldom of Grantham which was created in 1772.[4] He was mentioned by Violet Crawley to the Duke of Crowborough when discussing the Dower House. Both Robert Crawley and Matthew Crawley are direct male-line descendants of the 1st Earl of Grantham.

The First Earl may have died by 1789 as his son, who collected a Della Francesca was said to be on a "grand tour" through at least France at the time of the Bastile; his mother sent a letter, by special messenger, to tell him to come home[5].

Violet Crawley: "Are you a student of architecture?"
Duke of Crowborough: "Mm, absolutely."
Violet Crawley: "Then I do hope you'll come and inspect my little cottage. It was designed by Wren for the first Earl's sister."
— The Duke of Crowborough and the Dowager Countess of Grantham over dinner in 1912.[src]

The 1st Earl of Grantham's Wife[]

According to Carson, this woman, the first Countess (fl. 1789), was born on the twelfth of January and her birthdate became the date that all Servants' balls afterwards were held on.[6]

This woman later heard of the fall of the Bastile, while her son was in France, and sent a special messenger with a letter to get him home.[7]

But the Servants' Ball is always held on the twelfth of January, the birthday of the first Countess.
Charles Carson on the first Countess.

1st Earl of Grantham's sister[]

The 1st Earl of Grantham's sister was mentioned by Violet Crawley to the Duke of Crowborough when discussing the Dower House. The Earl commissioned Sir Christopher Wren to design it so that his sister could live close to Downton Abbey.[8]


Episode 1.01 (Mentioned only)

See above.

2nd Earl of Grantham[]

The 2nd Earl of Grantham (fl. 1789) was an ancestor of Robert Crawley. Mary Crawley mentioned to Kemal Pamuk that he brought several paintings to Downton Abbey, including a fifteenth-century picture by Wp icon 16x16 Piero della Francesca.

Since the inheritance of the title was restricted to direct male heirs of the original title-holder, he must have been a son or grandson of the 1st Earl.

In 1789, he was travelling, on his "grand tour", through France at the time of the fall of the Bastille. His mother sent a letter, by "special messenger", to get him home[9]

Kemal: "Is this picture really a Della Francesca?"
Mary: "I think so. The second earl brought back several paintings from..."
Kemal Pamuk and Lady Mary Crawley discuss a painting at Downton Abbey.[src]

Daughter-in-law of the 3rd Earl of Grantham[]

Little is known about this woman, but Robert states that "Downton Place came with my great-grandmother," and as it passed into the hands of the Granthams, we known she was his great-grandmother, and most likely would have been a daughter-in-law of the 3rd Earl.

3rd Earl of Grantham[]

The 3rd Earl of Grantham is the ancestor of both Robert and Matthew, who almost went bankrupt. He had at least two sons; the elder was the great-grandfather of Robert Crawley and his younger son is the great grandfather of Reginald Crawley, Matthew's father.

The Third Earl nearly went bankrupt...
—Murray on the Third Earl of Grantham.[src]

Mother of Robert's Father[]

The mother of Robert's father and his younger brother, the mother-in-law of Violet Crawley and The Hon Mrs Crawley and the paternal grandmother of Robert, Earl of Grantham, Lady Rosamund Painswick and James Crawley.

After her husband's death she lived in Crawley House. It was mentioned that Crawley House seemed very dark when her mother-in-law lived there, but Violet remarks that her mother-in-law made everything rather dark. In 1921, Violet later stated that somewhere being "filthy and dirty, with awful food" and "no-one to talk to for a hundred square miles" was like a week with her mother-in-law.

It always seemed so dark when my mother-in-law lived here, but then again, she made everything dark!
Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham on her mother-in-law [src]
Susan, Marchioness of Flintshire: "No, but it'll be filthy and dirty, and the food'll be awful and there'll be no-one to talk to for a hundred square miles."
Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham: "That sounds like a week with my mother-in-law."
— Violet and Susan at Duneagle Castle.[src]

Robert Crawley's Father[]

Robert Crawley's Father[10] The previous Earl of Grantham who has not been specifically named in the TV series, was the late husband of Violet Crawley and father of Rosamund Painswick as well as Robert. According to his wife, Violet, the Earl was a great traveller and as a result she "spent many happy evenings without understanding a word."[11] He had a younger brother, who was the father of James Crawley. He only saved Downton by dying.

Edith mentioned that he left a trust fund for his grandchildren[12]


Banning is a cousin of Violet Crawley and Roberta[13] and a cousin - who may have been a second cousin or a more distantly related cousin - of Robert Crawley, Lady Rosamund Painswick and Susan MacClare, Marchioness of Flintshire, who was mentioned by Robert in 1920.


  • Banning is a cousin of Violet. Whether Banning is a first or second cousin - as some people call their second cousins just "cousins" - is unknown.
  • It is unknown if Banning is the forename or surname of Violet's cousin.
This is Banning: He was a cousin of Granny's
—Robert as the Crawley Family head to Downton Place in 1920.[src]


Roberta was mentioned by Violet to her granddaughters as being their great aunt and having loaded the guns in the Wp icon 16x16 Siege of Lucknow in 1857.

Violet: "But war deals out strange tasks. Remember your great-aunt Roberta."
Mary: "What about her?"
Violet: "She loaded the guns at Lucknow."
Violet talks about Great Aunt Roberta, in 1914.

Violet's Aunt[]

Violet's Aunt (fl. 1860s[14]) is an aunt of Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham. When Violet married the the father of Robert Crawley, her aunt, described as "frightful" by Violet, gave her a vase that she hated for half a century until, to the relief of Violet, the vase was destroyed by Matthew Crawley and Richard Carlisle when they were fighting.



It was a wedding present from a frightful aunt, I have hated it for half a century.
—Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham on her aunt and horrible vase.[src]

Violet Crawley's Father[]

Violet Crawley's Father was an impoverished baronet.

He was born sometime before the 1840s because by 1841 he was married,[citation needed] and was alive in 1860 to witness Violet's marriage to the father of Robert Crawley. Due to being impoverished, he was not able to provide Violet with a large dowry to save the also impoverished Earldom of Grantham.

Violet's Sister[]

Violet had at least one sister who was the mother of Susan MacClare, Marchioness of Flintshire and who was mentioned by Susan in 1921.

You are my mother's sister. You can jolly well be on my side.
—Susan mentions her mother to Violet at Duneagle Castle in September 1921.[src]

It is possible that this woman is Roberta or the woman who married a Gordon in the 1860s, but this has not been confirmed.

J.J. Astor[]

John Jacob Astor IV or, simply, J.J. Astor (13 July, 1864—15 April, 1912) was an American businessman, real estate builder, investor, inventor, writer, lieutenant colonel in the Spanish-American War[15] and a member of the prominent Astor family[16].

J.J. Astor was an acquaintance of Cora Crawley, although not, apparently, of her husband. Cora seemed to be fond of Astor and was worried that he did not get off the sinking RMS Titanic, in 1912. She didn't seem to be as fond of Astor's wife as she was of him, as she referred to her as "that new wife of his". Astor did not survive the sinking, and is believed to have died when one of the smokestacks collapsed onto the awash deck.



Isn't this terrible? When you think how excited Lucy Rothes was at the prospect. It's too awful for any words. Did J.J. Astor get off? Of course, that new wife of his has bound to have been rescued.
—The Countess of Grantham, about the sinking of the RMS Titanic.[src]

Madeline Astor[]

Madeleine Astor (née Talmage-Force) (19 June, 1893 — 27 March, 1940)[17] was the second wife and widow of millionaire J.J. Astor and a survivor of RMS Titanic. J.J. Astor was an acquaintance of Cora Crawley, although not, apparently, of her husband. Cora seemed not to be as fond of her as she was of J.J. Astor, as she referred to her as "that new wife of his".



Isn't this terrible? When you think how excited Lucy Rothes was at the prospect. It's too awful for any words. Did J.J. Astor get off? Of course, that new wife of his has bound to have been rescued.
Cora Crawley, about the sinking of the RMS Titanic.[src]

Charles Hays[]

Charles Melville Hays (May 16, 1856 – April 15, 1912) was the president of the Grand Trunk Railway[18]. Hays is credited with the formation of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTP), a dream he had to create a second transcontinental railroad within the borders of Canada. He is also blamed for the insolvency of both the GTR and the GTP. He died before his dream was complete as he perished at sea in the sinking of the RMS Titanic.[19]


Robert: "It was the main railway in British North America, for god's sake! It wasn't just me. Everyone said we couldn't lose! We knew hard times were coming for estates like Downton, and this investment would make it safe for the rest of time."
George Murray: "Charles Hays was the presiding genius, and since he died, the management has not...the fact is, the company is about to be declared bankrupt...And the line will be absorbed into the Canadian National Railway scheme."
Robert: "Are you really telling me that all the money is gone?"
— Episode 3.01

Fifth Officer Lowe[]

Commander Harold Godfrey Lowe RD RNR (21 November 1882 – 12 May 1944) was the Fifth Officer of the RMS Titanic.[20]

Patrick Gordon: "I was on the Titanic. That much is true. But I was pulled out of the water by Fifth Officer Lowe, the only one of them to come back. At least, that's what they said later. When I properly came 'round, they misidentified me as Canadian, shipped me up to Montreal."
Edith: "I don't understand. Why didn't you just tell them who you were?"
Patrick Gordon: "Because I couldn't remember. I don't know if it was the blow to the head or the-- the shock, or cold, but I had no memory. As far as I knew, I was Canadian."
— Episode 2.06

Lucy Rothes[]

Lucy Noël Martha Leslie, Countess of Rothes or, simply, Lucy Rothes (25 December, 1878 — 12 September, 1956)[21] was the wife of the 19th Earl of Rothes[22], whom she married on 19 April 1900.

Lady Rothes joined the Crawleys for dinner in March 1912, at Downton Abbey. According to Cora, she expressed her excitement of boarding the RMS Titanic during its maiden voyage to New York in the following month. When news got at Downton, on 16 April, 1912, that the steamer had sunk in the North Atlanic, Cora was shocked because of this. The Countess of Rothes did, however, survive the sinking, having left the sinking ship aboard Lifeboat 8.



Isn't this terrible? When you think how excited Lucy Rothes was at the prospect. It's too awful for any words. Did J.J. Astor get off? Of course, that new wife of his has bound to have been rescued.
Cora Crawley, about the sinking of the RMS Titanic.[src]

Lady Agatha[]

Lady Agatha, born at Duneagle, is the elder sister of Hugh MacClare, Marquess of Flintshire[23], the younger sister of Lady Louisa, the sister-in-law of Susan MacClare, Marchioness of Flintshire, the granddaughter of the Countess of Newtonmore, the aunt of James MacClare, Lord Newtonmore, Lady Annabelle and Rose and the aunt-in-law of Lady Annabelle's Husband.

In Autumn 1920, Violet Crawley informed Rose that she would go up to Duneagle Castle and spend the rest of her vacation with Agatha; this information horrified Rose, who threatened to run away. Violet managed to reign Rose in by saying that until she was older, she was under their command. Rose later claimed that Agatha was "a monster"[24]. In 1920, Agatha was residing at Duneagle Castle but she was only there to care for Rose, and had left by September 1921.



I know. Lady Agatha isn't much of a party person, I admit.
Violet Crawley, Dowager Countess of Grantham.[src]
I'm being sent North tomorrow with a monster for a jailer!
—Rose on Agatha at the Cricket Match.[src]
Alone in Scotland with Aunt Agatha!?
—Rose's horror at being sent to Duneagle under the watchful eye of her aunt.[src]
It was nursery game: Louisa was a lobster, Agatha was a shark - which is easy to believe - and I suppose Shrimpie was a shrimp.
—Robert on Louisa, Agatha and Shrimpie.[src]


Agatha's surname may be MacClare, for we do not know if she has ever been married. Her current whereabouts are unknown.

Lady Annabelle[]

Lady Annabelle (nee MacClare) is the eldest daughter of Hugh MacClare, Marquess of Flintshire and Susan MacClare, Marchioness of Flintshire, the elder sister of Lady Rose MacClare, the sibling of James MacClare, Lord Newtonmore, granddaughter or great-niece of Roberta and great-niece of Violet Crawley. Sometime before September 1921, Annabelle was married, though her married name is unknown.



First James left, and then Annabelle got married. We started to learn just how little we had in common.
Hugh MacClare, Marquess of Flintshire on Annabelle and James.[src]

Lady Annabelle's husband[]

Lady Annabelle's husband is the son-in-law of Hugh and Susan MacClare, and the brother-in-law of Rose and James MacClare.


James MacClare[]

James MacClare, Earl of Newtonmore is the son and heir of Hugh MacClare, Marquess of Flintshire and Susan MacClare, Marchioness of Flintshire, the brother of Lady Annabelle, the elder brother of Lady Rose MacClare. By September 1921, he had "left" home.



First James left, and then Annabelle got married. We started to learn just how little we had in common.
Hugh, Marquess of Flintshire about James and Annabelle.[src]

Lady Louisa MacClare[]

Lady Louisa, born at Duneagle, is the eldest sister of Hugh MacClare, Marquess of Flintshire and Lady Agatha, the sister-in-law of Susan MacClare, Marchioness of Flintshire, the granddaughter of the Countess of Newtonmore, the aunt of James MacClare, Lord Newtonmore, Lady Annabelle and Lady Rose MacClare and the aunt-in-law of Annabelle's Husband.

Notes Louise's surname may be MacClare, for we do not know if she has ever been married. Her current whereabouts are unknown: she may be married and away from Duneagle, or she may be deceased.



Matthew: "Why are the Flintshire's based in Scotland, when the title's Welsh?"
Robert: "Oh, Shrimpie's Grandmother was Countess of Newtonmore in her own right - it's now their courtesy title."
Matthew: "Dare one ask why he's called Shrimpie?"
Robert: "It was nursery game: Louisa was a lobster, Agatha was a shark - which is easy to believe - and I suppose Shrimpie was a shrimp."
— Robert and Matthew in September 1921[src]

Countess of Newtonmore[]

The Countess of Newtonmore was the Scottish paternal grandmother of Hugh 'Shrimpire' MacClare, Marquess of Flintshire. She was countess in her own right and title is now the courtesy title of the Marquess of Flintshire currently being used by Shrimpie's son, James. She was the heiress of Duneagle Castle.



Matthew: "Why are the Flintshires based in Scotland, when the title's Welsh?"
Robert: "Oh, Shrimpie's Grandmother was Countess of Newtonmore in her own right - it's now their courtesy title."
— Robert and Matthew in September 1921[src]

Behind the Scenes

Cora's Aunt[]

Cora's Aunt is the aunt of Cora Crawley and was still alive in 1914, as Cora mentions sending Mary Crawley to visit her in Episode 1.06. It is unknown if she is blood related to Cora. She may be the sister of Martha Levinson or Isidore Levinson or she may simply be the wife of one of their siblings. Cora has a better relationship with her aunt than she does her own mother, perhaps hinting that her aunt is related to her through her father.



Cora: "I might send Mary to visit my aunt. She could get to know New York"
Violet: "Oh, I don't think things are quite that desperate."
— Episode 1.06

Isidore Levinson[]

Isidore Levinson is the late wealthy, Jewish[26] husband of Martha Levinson - and the father of Cora Crawley and Harold Levinson - who had made his fortune as a dry goods merchant in Cincinnati. Isidore tied up his money well, making sure that his children were both well cared for and received equal shares; on her marriage in 1889, Cora received her share, and the family she married into would receive no more.[27]

Isidore also made sure that Martha was taken care of and made sure that no-one could touch the capital generated from his fortune, so that it would not be lost; all of this was done before his death.[28] Appearances

  • Episode 3.02 (Mentioned only)

Acquaintances and more[]

Tom Belasis[]

Tom Belasis is another acquaintance of Sybil who was killed in the war in 1916. He made her laugh out loud.

Isobel: "Sybil, my dear, what's the matter?"
Sybil: "Tom Belasis has been killed."
Isobel: "What a terrible thing."
Sybil: "I remember him at Imogen's ball. He made me laugh out loud just as her uncle was giving a speech. Sometimes it feels as if all the men I ever danced with are dead."
Episode 2.01

Viscount Branksome[]

Viscount Branksome was the husband of the late Viscountess Branksome and the father of Evelyn Napier. Lord and Lady Branksome were acquaintances of Robert Crawley and his wife Cora. Robert describes Lord Branksome as a "dull dog" that only ever talks about racing. Cora tells Mary Crawley that Evelyn's mother is a dear friend of hers although she was unaware that she had died.



Robert: "Branksome's a dull dog, but I don't suppose that matters."
Cora: "Did you know his wife had died?"
Robert: "He only ever talks about racing."
Robert and Cora Crawley talk about Viscount Branksome.[src]

Mrs Chetwood[]

Mrs Chetwood (née Strallan) is the sister of Sir Anthony Strallan who wrote a letter to Cora Crawley, Countess of Grantham, with the recipe for his favourite desert, apple charlotte, since he was invited to dine at Downton Abbey as a possible suitor for Cora's daughter, Mary Crawley.

John Foyle, Lord Gillingham[]

Lord Gillingham was mentioned in a conversation by Lord and Lady Grantham during their House party in 1922. His son is Anthony Foyle, who has since become Lord Gillingham after his father's death.


Dr T. Goldman[]

T. Goldman is a gynecologist in London whom Edith visits in 1922 when she suspects she might be pregnant following the night she had spent with her lover Michael Gregson before his departure for Germany.
Goldman later writes back to Edith, informing her that her symptoms do indicate early signs of pregnancy, and he looks forward to being of further assisstance to her in the future.


  • Episode 4.05 (mentioned only)
  • Episode 4.06 (mentioned only)

Peter Gordon[]

Peter Gordon once worked in the Foreign Office, where he befriended Patrick Crawley, whose father was the heir to Downton Abbey and the title Earl of Grantham. Peter later immigrated to Montreal in 1913, a year after Patrick drowned on the Titanic.

During World War I, when a wounded officer claimed to be the presumed dead Patrick Crawley, it was thought that he might actually be Peter Gordon, which would explain how the officer knew certain details of the family. Shortly after however, the officer disappeared, and it was never proven if he was Patrick Crawley, Peter Gordon, or someone else entirely.


Lady Jervas[]

Lady Jervas is an acquaintance of Anthony Strallan known at least to Edith, whom they visit after a concert for "a bite".

Excellent. Well, it's quite a hike, so I'll pick you up around 6:00? Lady Jervas has asked us for a bite to eat afterwards, if that's all right with your mother?
—Anthony Strallan, Episode 1.06

Lady Ann McNair[]

Lady Ann McNair throws a house party in season one, inviting Mary. Violet says it is a terrible idea because Lady Ann doesn't know anyone under a hunderd.

Violet: "How about some house parties?"
Cora: "She’s been asked to one next month by Lady Ann McNair."
Violet: "That’s a terrible idea. She doesn’t know anyone under a hundred."
Episode 1.04

Mr. Molyneux[]

Mr. Molyneux is a designer from Paris with whom Cora has a fitting in London.

Mary: "What are you going to do in London?"
Cora: "I have a fitting with Mr. Molyneux, he is over from Paris"
Episode 5.03

The Dowager Duchess of Norfolk[]

The Dowager Duchess of Norfolk (possibly Augusta Mary Minna Catherine Lyons[29]), was a "dear friend" of Violet Crawley and, according to her, a fervent observer of the Catholic faith; Violet claimed that she was "more Catholic than the Pope."



Mary: "Well you and Granny are ganging up against Tom!"
Violet: "Not me! The Dowager Duchess of Norfolk is a dear friend... and she's more Catholic than the Pope!"
Mary Crawley and Violet Crawley, during dinner at Downton Abbey with Reverend Travis, over Tom Branson's wish to baptize his daughter Catholic.[src]

Lady Portsmouth[]

Lady Portsmouth was the mother of Annabelle Portsmouth and agreed to cover for Mary when she intended to sleep with Anthony Foyle.


Episode 5.02 (Mentioned only)

Annabelle Portsmouth[]

Annabelle Portsmouth was the daughter of Lord and Lady Portsmouth; Mary used her as an excuse - claiming that they were going on a sketching trip - to avoid revealing her plans to sleep with Anthony Foyle.


Episode 5.02 (Mentioned only)

Billy Russell[]

Billy Russell was mentioned by Mary Crawley to Sir Richard Carlisle. He was the son of the Russells, who lived at Haxby Park. His death during the First World War caused his parents much distress, and they decided to quit their ancestral estate, Haxby Park, which was bought by Sir Richard Carlisle while he was engaged to Lady Mary Crawley.



Mary: "It's so empty. I didn't know they'd gone."
Richard Carlisle: " [The Russells] 've given up."
Mary: "You can't blame them. When Billy was killed, it knocked the stuffing out of them completely."
Mary and Sir Richard Carlisle talk about the Russells and Haxby Park.[src]

Lord Savident[]

Lord Savident is known to Thomas and by inference to the Crawley's. Thomas writes to Lord Savident regarding the curious death of Kemal Pamuk and the association with Lady Mary.

O'Brien: "Who did you write it to?"
Thomas: "Only a friend of mine, valet to Lord Savident."
O'Brien: "You know what they say about Old Savident. “Not so much an open mind as an open mouth.” No wonder it’s all ‘round London."
Episode 1.05

Mr & Mrs Schroeder (or Schröder)[]

Mr and Mrs Schroeder live in Geneva, Switzerland, and adopted the illegitimate daughter of Edith Crawley and Michael Gregson. However no formal agreement of adoption was made between them.


Billy Skelton[]

Billy Skelton was mentioned by Robert Crawley as not allowing hunting on his land. The Skeltons were also said to be mad by Mary Crawley and presumably are associated with Skelton Park mentioned in episode 1.01, which already had electricity in the kitchens, and the Skelton estate mentioned in episode 1.05.


Mary: "Families like ours are always hunting families."
Robert: "Not always. Billy Skelton won't have them on his land."
Mary: "But all the Skeltons are mad."
— Episode 1.02

Lady Steward[]

Lady Steward is an elderly acquaintance of the Crawley's whom Sybil claimed to be visiting, when in reality she is taking Gwen for an interview to be a secretary.

I thought I’d pop in on old Mrs Steward. Will you tell Mama if I forget?
—Sybil to her father, Episode 1.05.

Maud, Lady Strallan[]

Maud Strallan, Lady Strallan (d. before 1912) was the late wife of Sir Anthony Strallan and had died sometime before 1912. When Sir Anthony was about to marry Edith, Dowager Countess Violet remarks to Reverend Travis that he looked as if he was awaiting a beating from the head master. When Travis asks if he should talk to him, Violet says that it would do no good, as Strallan had gone through this before and was presumably aware of all the facts. They comment that perhaps the first Lady Strallan was a hard act to follow, or to repeat.



Maud? Oh, she was awfully funny. Some people couldn't see it, but she was.
Sir Anthony Strallan to Lady Edith.

Madame Swann[]

Madame Swann is the dress maker for the Crawley's. In season one she is tasked with making a frock for Lady Sybil.

Sybil: "Poor old Madame Swann. I don’t know why we bother with fittings. She always makes the same frock."
Edith: "What do you want her to make?"
Sybil: "Something new and exciting."
Episode 1.04

Duchess of Truro[]

The Duchess of Truro was an acquaintance of Violet Crawley's, who had requested Sir Philip Tapsell's services sometime before 1920. Tapsell safely delivered her three sons, thus securing the Dukedom's heirs and earning him much praise.



Violet Crawley: "The dear Duchess of Truro is full of your praises, Sir Philip. Then, of course, you know that."
Sir Philip Tapsell: "She had quite a time when she was first married, but I said to her, "Never fear, Duchess, I'll get a baby out of you one way or another.""
Violet Crawley: "And so you did."
Sir Philip Tapsell: "Three boys. And as a result, a secure dynasty, I'm glad to say."
— An exchange between the Violet Crawley, and Sir Philip Tapsell, over dinner in 1920.[src]

Lady Winborne[]

Lady Winborne is a friend of the Crawley's, who in the 2013 Christmas Special feels obligated to attend a concert and dinner she is giving.


Robert: "Do we have to go to this?"
Cora: "Of course we do. Lady Winborne is kind enough to give a concert and dinner, and we should be grateful."
— 2013 Christmas Special

Lady Wren[]

Lady Wren is an acquaintance of both Anthony Strallan and the Crawleys. Anthony Strallan asked after Edith at one of her parties.

Sir Anthony Strallan was at Lady Wren's party. He asked after you.
Violet to Edith, Episode 1.07

Mr Brockit[]

Mr Brockt was Downton Abbey's Head Gardener in 1913. Lady Grantham asked Mr, Molesley; whether he could reveal his secrets about his rose bloom at the "Downton Village: 1913 Flower Show".


Mrs Butte[]

Mrs Butte is the housekeeper at Grantham House in London. She was taken ill in summer 1923, when the Crawley family were there for the London season and for Rose's coming out. This required Mrs Hughes to go to London to run the house.


Mrs. Hughes: "You will never guess what has happened now. Mrs Butte has been taken ill, and she won't be back for weeks."
Daisy: "What does that mean?"
Mrs. Hughes: "They want me in London to take over, and that's not all, they've asked for you to go with me."
— 2013 Christmas Special

The Crawleys Dentist[]

The Crawleys' dentist was the dental surgeon that served the Crawleys whenever needed. He was, according to Lady Mary Crawley, their dentist ever since she was a child, and he received their patronage in a matter of tradition, not preference, as she regarded him as "horrid".



Mary: "I wish I shared your enthusiasm. Our dentist is horrid."
Kemal Pamuk: "Well, why go to him, then?"
Mary: "Well, he treated all of us when we were children. You know how the English are about these things."
— An exchange between Lady Mary and Kemal Pamuk, over dinner at Downton Abbey.[src]

Fräulein Kelder[]

Fräulein Kelder was mentioned by Edith Crawley to Major Gordon. She was Edith and Mary Crawley's governess when they were children. When Major Gordon was trying to convince Edith that he is actually her cousin Patrick Crawley, she shows him a place on the estate where she, Mary and Patrick used to hide. Major Gordon asks if there was a governess that none of them liked and Edith giggles and says, "Fräulein Kelder."

Mary, unaware of this exchange, later says that hiding from the nasty governess would be the kind of memory anybody would expect from a childhood spend in a place like Downton Abbey.


Mr. Pakison[]

Mr. Pakison is the Crawley librarian mentioned by Robert Crawley to Michael Gregson.


Michael: "Edith tells me there's a Gutenberg Bible."
Robert: "Yes, it's a shame our librarian Mr. Pakison is not here. He's the only one who knows where anything is."
— Episode 4.03


Simmons was Violet Crawley's lady's maid. Acting odd, Violet suspects Simmons will leave her which she finds was right as Simmons quits to get married. Violet considers this very selfish. Violet asks Cora Crawley help in hiring a replacement for Simmons. Sarah O'Brien overheads Violet and Cora discussing responses to an advertisement Cora put in The Lady which O'Brien mistakenly believes is about her.



Violet: "I have a horrible feeling Simmons is about to hand in her notice. She's looking very fidgety lately, and I saw her hurrying to meet the postman."
Cora: "Oh, you poor thing. Is there anything worse than losing one's maid?"
Violet: "Why would she want to leave me? I've been as gentle as a lamb. Most of the time."
— Violet speculating on her lady's maid's odd behaviour[src]


Smithers is a ladies maid of Violet Crawley.

When Violet sent money to Sybil Branson and Tom Branson to come to England for Matthew Crawley and Mary Crawley's wedding, Smithers wrote the letter for her along with it. Violet credits her when Sybil remarked the letter she received was not her grandmother's handwriting.

Violet says: "like all ladies maids she lives for intrigue."

Mr Stark[]

Mr Stark was The Crawley's Chauffeur. He become under Downton's employment after former chauffeur Tom Branson left with Lady Sybil. He is still working at downton in 1922.


Mr Watson[]

Mr Watson was Robert Crawley's valet. He left Robert's employ and was temporarily replaced as valet by Thomas Barrow until Mr Watson's permanent replacement, John Bates, arrived in April 1912. John also moved into Watson's former room. Elsie Hughes mentioned that Mr. Watson left the room in quite a state.


Thomas Barrow's Father[]

Thomas Barrow's Father was mentioned by Thomas as being seriously ill in 1924. He was previously mentioned as being a clock maker.

Baxter: "Your dad was always kind to me."
Barrow: "Was he? Because he was never very kind to me."
Episode 5.03

Freddie Moorsum[]

Freddie Moorsum (b.1905) is the son of Jane Moorsum. He was 12 years old in 1917 when his father died in the Battle of the Somme. His mother then came to Downton Abbey looking for work in order to support him, and was in service until 1919. She was easily hired and her mother took care of Freddie if he should need it while she is working.

A keen mathematics student, Freddie got a scholarship to Ripon Grammar School with help from Robert Crawley. His mother and Robert shared a mutual attraction and kisses, but Robert felt guilty and chose not to pursue her further. Knowing it was for the best, Jane handed in her notice and left.

It is unknown how Freddie reacted to Robert's assistance in getting his scholarship, if he ever knew at all.

Beryl Patmore's sister[]

Beryl Patmore's sister was mentioned by Beryl Patmore to Daisy Mason following the deaths of James and Patrick Crawley. She died sometime before 1912.


Daisy: "Seems like a lot of food when you think they're all in mourning."
Mrs Patmore: "Nothing makes you hungrier or more tired than grief. When my sister died, God rest her soul, I ate my way through four platefuls of sandwiches at one sitting and slept 'round the clock."
Daisy and Mrs Patmore after the deaths of James and Patrick Crawley.[src]

Archibald “Archie” Philpotts[]

Archibald “Archie” Philpotts (d. 17 February, 1917) was Beryl Patmore's nephew and Kate Philpotts' son.

He served as Private Philpotts during the Great War, but was declared "missing presumed dead" sometime before the end of the war. Beryl did not get her hopes up, and certainly thought him dead, but she asked Robert Crawley if he could ask about him at the War Office. The Earl found out that the boy had been shot for cowardice at the front.

Mrs Patmore later learned from her sister that their town was constructing their own memorial but Archie's name would not be included - because he deserted and was shot for cowardice, he was found unworthy by the committee.



Beryl Patmore: "I lost my nephew, my sister's boy. H — he was shot… for cowardice. That's what they said. But I knew him, and he'd never have done such a thing if he hadn't've been half out of his mind with fear."
Henry Lang: "Don't blame him. It was him, but it could've been me. It could have been any of us."
Beryl Patmore and Henry Lang talk about the War.[src]

Kate Philpotts[]

Kate Philpotts (née Patmore) was Beryl Patmore's sister.

Kate's son Archie was shot for cowardice in 1917, during the Great War. The War Office sent a telegram saying he was "missing presumed dead" to the family, but Robert Crawley found out what had happened to him and told the truth to Beryl. He urged her not to tell all the details to her sister, as he saw it best not to judge Private Philpotts during war time.



Robert: "I do have some news of your nephew. I telephoned the war office and they've just come back to me, but I'm afraid it's not good news."
Mrs Patmore: "I — I knew he was dead all along. I — I said so to my sister. I said, "Kate", I said, "He's gone and you'll have to face — ""
— The Earl of Grantham reveals her nephew's fate to Mrs Patmore.[src]

Anna Bates' mother (Mrs. Smith presumably)[]

Anna's mother is cited by Anna as the source of several pieces of pithy wisdom.

“Fight fire with fire,” that’s what my mum says.
—Anna Smith Episode 1.05
Well, just remember what my mother used to say: never make an enemy by accident.
—Anna Bates in Episode 3.01


Performers and more[]

Albert C.[]

"Albert C." was the stagename of a performer at Victoria Theatre in the 1890s, alongside The Cheerful Charlies.


Bros. Ellie[]

"Bros. Ellie" was the stagename of a pair of performers at Victoria Theatre in the 1890s, alongside The Cheerful Charlies.


Claudet Emerson[]

"Claudet Emerson" was the stagename of a performer at Victoria Theatre in the 1890s, alongside The Cheerful Charlies.


Florie Flower[]

"Florie Flower" was the stagename of a performer at Victoria Theatre in the 1890s, alongside The Cheerful Charlies.


Small George[]

"Small George" was the stagename of a performer at Victoria Theatre in the 1890s, alongside The Cheerful Charlies.


Danny Gold[]

"Danny Gold" was the stagename of a performer at the Victoria Theatre in the 1890s, alongside The Cheerful Charlies.


Miss Ada & Mr. Simpson[]

"Miss Ada & Mr. Simpson" was the stagename of a pair of performers at Victoria Theatre in the 1890s, alongside The Cheerful Charlies.


Joseph Gerald Antsy[]

The Hon. Joseph Gerald Antsy, MP, was a member of the Conservative and Unionist Party. In May, 1914, he was elected Member of Parliament for the Ripon constituency with a total of 6,363 votes. The announcement of the results of this by-election were turbulent, as there was a large crowd of liberal protesters for the women's right to vote, and a group of violent working-class men stormed through the City Hall courtyard, wanting to "wipe the smile off their Tory bloody faces". In the commotion that followed, Sybil Crawley was knocked to the floor and bumped her head on a low table, causing minor injury. The unconscious lady was rescued by Tom Branson, her chauffeur who had escorted her there, and Matthew Crawley, who had just left his law firm in Ripon.



The Honourable Joseph Gerald Antsy for the Conservative and Unionist Party: 6,363 votes...
—The results of the 1914 by-election are announced at the Ripon City Hall.[src]

Herbert Henry Asquith[]

Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928) served as the Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916. Until 5 January 1988, he had been the longest continuously serving Prime Minister in the 20th century.[30]


Branson: "Why don't I sit down."
John Ward[31]: "Of course the question upper most in all of your minds is, why the split between Mr. Asquith and Mr. Lloyd George? Because a divided party spells electoral defeat."
— Episode 4.07


Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.

As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815, the first monarch of France bearing the title emperor since the reign of Charles the Fat (881–887).[32]


Isobel: "I've always admired the way Mrs Levinson is never overawed by the whole set up at Downton."
Violet: "Was Napoleon overawed by the Bourbons?"
— Episode 3.01

George Bushell[]

George Bushell was the Superintendent Registrar at Ripon Register Office in the late 1910s.


King Canute[]

Cnut the Great (c. 985 or 995 – 12 November 1035), more commonly known as Canute, was a king of Denmark, England, Norway, and parts of Sweden, together often referred to as the Anglo-Scandinavian or North Sea Empire. After the death of his heirs within a decade of his own and the Norman conquest of England in 1066, his legacy was largely lost to history. Historian Norman Cantor has made the statement that he was "the most effective king in Anglo-Saxon history", despite his not being Anglo-Saxon.

Henry of Huntingdon, the 12th-century chronicler, tells how Cnut set his throne by the sea shore and commanded the tide to halt and not wet his feet and robes. Yet "continuing to rise as usual [the tide] dashed over his feet and legs without respect to his royal person. Then the king leapt backwards, saying: 'Let all men know how empty and worthless is the power of kings, for there is none worthy of the name, but He whom heaven, earth, and sea obey by eternal laws.' He then hung his gold crown on a crucifix, and never wore it again "to the honour of God the almighty King". This incident is usually misrepresented by popular commentators and politicians as an example of Cnut's arrogance.[33]


Violet: "I see I am beaten, but oh how I sympathize with King Canute."
Mary: "Now what is this idea?"
— Episode 4.02

Winston Churchill[]

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician at the forefront of politics for fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary, and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war, he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign caused his departure from government. He then briefly resumed active army service on the Western Front as commander of the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Air.[34]


Cora: "How can that be? You were told you weren't wanted for active service. You can't jump in the army like a jack-in-the-box."
Robert: "I don't see why not. Churchill went back to the front after the Gallipoli business. If he can do it, why shouldn't I? "
— Episode 2.01

Martin James Dillon[]

Martin James Dillon was a candidate of the May, 1914 by-election to serve as Member of Parliament for the Ripon constituency. He ran for the Socialist Party and earned a total of 2,741 votes, but lost the election to Tory candidate Joseph Gerald Antsy.



Martin James Dillon, for the Socialist Party: 2,741 votes...
—The results of the 1914 by-election are announced at the Ripon City Hall.[src]

Senator Fall[]

Albert Bacon Fall (November 26, 1861 – November 30, 1944) was a United States Senator from New Mexico and the Secretary of the Interior under President Warren G. Harding, infamous for his involvement in the Teapot Dome scandal.[35]


Cora: "Have we ever met this Senator Fall?"
Robert: "Not that I remember."
— Episode 4.06

The Archduke[]

Franz Ferdinand (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1889 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.

His assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This caused the Central Powers (including Germany and Austria-Hungary) and the Allies of World War I (countries allied with Serbia or Serbia's allies) to declare war on each other, starting World War I. [36]


Robert: "Any local news?"
Mrs. Hughes: "The main topic here is the murder of the Austrian Archduke."
Mr. Carson: "Here and everywhere else."
— Episode 1.07

Lord Henley[]

Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington (c. 1708 - 14 January 1772), was the Lord Chancellor of Great Britain. He was a member of the Whig Party in the parliament and was known for his wit and writing.[37]

In Shanley v Harvey (1763) 2 Eden 126, a claim was instituted by Shanley as administrator of the estate of his deceased niece.

Shanley had brought Harvey as a child slave, to England, 12 years earlier and had given him to his niece. She had him baptised and had changed his name. She became very ill and about an hour before her death, she gave Harvey about £800 in cash (a substantial sum in those days), asked him to pay the butcher's bill and to make good use of the money. After her death, Shanley brought an action against Harvey to recover the money.

Lord Henley, the Lord Chancellor, dismissed the action, with costs against Shanley. In his judgment he held that as soon as a person set foot on English soil, he or she became free and that a "negro" might maintain an action against his or her master for ill usage, together with an application for habeas corpus if detained. However, such comments were not necessary for the decision in the case, and in law were only obiter dictum and not binding on subsequent courts.[38]


Mrs. Hughes: "Mr. Ross. You have uncovered something about the past that Mr. Carson does not approve of. Well done."
Mr. Carson: "Not so fast, Mrs. Hughes. We led the world in the fight against slavery. Remember Lord Henley's judgement of 1763. If a man sets foot on English soil, then he is free."
— Episode 4.06

Thomas Jefferson[]

Thomas Jefferson (April 13 [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the third President of the United States (1801–1809).[39]


Violet: "Good heavens, what am I sitting on?"
Matthew: "A swivel chair."
Violet: "Another modern brainwave?"
Matthew: "Not very modern, they were invented by Thomas Jefferson."
Violet: "Why does every day involve a fight with an American?"
— Episode 1.04


Alexander Kerensky (4 May [O.S. 22 April] 1881 – 11 June 1970) was a major political leader before and during the Russian Revolutions of 1917.

Kerensky served as the second Prime Minister of the Russian Provisional Government until it was overthrown by the Bolsheviks under Vladimir Lenin in the October Revolution. He spent the remainder of his life in exile, dying in New York City in 1970 at the age of 89.[40]



Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April [O.S. 10 April] 1870 – 21 January 1924) was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He served as the leader of the Russian SFSR from 1917, and then concurrently as Premier of the Soviet Union from 1922, until his death. [41]


David Lloyd George[]

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor OM PC (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and led a Wartime Coalition Government between 1916 and 1922 and was the Leader of the Liberal Party from 1926 to 1931.[42]


Robert: "And Mr. Lloyd George's new insurance measures will help."
Violet: "Please don't speak that man's name; we are about to eat."
— Episode 1.02

George III[]

George III (George William Frederick (4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two Hanoverian predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.[43]


Robert: "I'm Sorry. When's the funeral?"
Tom: "Tomorrow, will you go?"
Robert: "I will. His forebarers have been tenants since the reign of George the third."
— Episode 4.05

Ramsay MacDonald[]

James Ramsay MacDonald (12 October 1866 – 9 November 1937) was a British statesman who was the first ever Labour Party Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, leading a Labour Government in 1924, a Labour Government from 1929 to 1931, and a National Government from 1931 to 1935.[44]


Mary: "What is your main objection to Mr. MacDonald? That the Prime Minister is the son of a crofter[45]?"
Robert: "I couldn't care less if he was the son of Fu Manchu. What worries me is that our government is comitted to the destruction of people like us, and everything we stand for."
— Episode 5.01


Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He was for many years an official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He was a founder of modern political science, and more specifically political ethics. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned in the Italian language. He was Secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his masterpiece, The Prince, after the Medici had recovered power and he no longer held a position of responsibility in Florence.

"Machiavellianism" is a widely used negative term to characterize unscrupulous politicians of the sort Machiavelli described in The Prince. The book itself gained enormous notoriety and wide readership because the author seemed to be endorsing behavior often deemed as evil and immoral.[46]


Cora: "Is she really so Machiavellian?"
Robert: "Yes"
— Episode 3.07

Marie Antoinette[]

Marie Antoinette (2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) baptised Maria Antonia Josepha (or Josephina) Johanna, born an Archduchess of Austria, was Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa.[47]


Isobel: "And must you always sound like the sister of Marie Antoinette?"
Violet: "The Queen of Naples was a stalwart figure. I take it as a compliment"
— 2013 Christmas Special

Countess Markievicz[]

Constance Georgine Markievicz, Countess Markievicz (4 February 1868 – 15 July 1927) was an Irish Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, revolutionary nationalist, suffragette and socialist. In December 1918, she was the first woman elected to the British House of Commons, though she did not take her seat and, along with the other Sinn Féin TDs, formed the first Dáil Éireann. She was also one of the first women in the world to hold a cabinet position (Minister for Labour of the Irish Republic, 1919–1922). [48]


Matthew: "So, what was the deal you managed to extract from the home secretary?"
Robert: "They don’t want to make a martyr of him. And with Sybil, they think they could have another Maud Gonne on their hands, or Lady Gregory, or worse if they’re not careful."
Violet: "Lady Gregory, Countess Markievicz...why are the Irish rebels so well born?"
— Episode 3.04

John Stuart Mill[]

John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was an English philosopher, political economist and civil servant. He was an influential contributor to social theory, political theory and political economy. He has been called "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century". Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control. He was a proponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by Jeremy Bentham. Hoping to remedy the problems found in an inductive approach to science, such as confirmation bias, he clearly set forth the premises of falsifiability as the key component in the scientific method. Mill was also a Member of Parliament and an important figure in liberal political philosophy.[49]


Trevor Andrew Morgan[]

Trevor Andrew Morgan was a candidate of the May, 1914 by-election to serve as Member of Parliament for the Ripon constituency. He ran for the Liberal Party and earned a total of 5,894 votes, but lost the election to Tory candidate Joseph Gerald Antsy.



Trevor Andrew Morgan, the Liberal Party... 5,894 votes!
—The results of the 1914 by-election are announced at the Ripon City Hall.[src]

The Tsar[]

Nicholas II (Nikolay Alexandrovich Romanov) (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918) was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official short title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias.[50]


Branson: "Kerensky's been made Prime Minister, but he won't go far enough for me. Lenin denounces the bourgeoisie along with the tsar. He wants a people's revolution. That's what I'm waiting for. Won't be long now."
Carson: "And what happened to the tsar?"
Branson: "Imprisoned in the Alexander Palace with all his family."
— Episode 2.03

The Queen of Naples[]

Maria Carolina of Austria (13 August 1752 – 8 September 1814), sister to Marie Antoinette, was Queen of Naples and Sicily as the wife of King Ferdinand IV & III. As de facto ruler of her husband's kingdoms, Maria Carolina oversaw the promulgation of many reforms, including the revocation of the ban on Freemasonry, the enlargement of the navy under her favourite, John Acton, 6th Baronet, and the expulsion of Spanish influence. She was a proponent of enlightened absolutism until the advent of the French Revolution, when, in order to prevent its ideas gaining currency, she made Naples a police state.[51]



Maximilien François Marie Isidore Robespierre (6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) was a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution.

The guillotine (called the "National Razor") became the symbol of the revolutionary cause, strengthened by a string of executions: King Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, the Girondins, Philippe Égalité (Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans), and Madame Roland, and others such as pioneering chemist Antoine Lavoisier, lost their lives under its blade. Through the Revolutionary Tribunal, the Terror's leaders exercised broad dictatorial powers and used them to instigate mass executions and political purges. The repression accelerated in June and July 1794, a period called la Grande Terreur (the Great Terror), and ended in the coup of 9 Thermidor Year II (27 July 1794), leading to the Thermidorian Reaction, in which several instigators of the Reign of Terror were executed, including Saint-Just and Robespierre.[52][53]


Mary: "So what new scheme are you working on to beat down the upper classes?"
Charles Blake: "You think me much more of a Robespierre than I really am."
— 2013 Christmas Special

Jonathan Swire[]

Jonathan Swire, a Liberal Minister, is the brother of the late Reggie Swire, a solicitor.

Once, when his brother owed Sir Richard Carlisle a large amount of money and was unable to repay him, his niece Lavinia went to Carlisle to plead on her father's behalf. He made a deal with her: he would forgive her father's debt if she would deliver to him some papers of state in Jonathan's possession. She agreed, stole the papers from her uncle and delivered them to Sir Richard. The publication of information in the papers triggered the Marconi scandal.

Howard Tyrel[]

Howard Tyrel was the Registrar of Births and Deaths at Ripon Register Office in the late 1910s.


The Crown Prince[]

Friedrich Wilhelm Victor Augustus Ernest (6 May 1882 – 20 July 1951) of the House of Hohenzollern was the last Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Prussia and the German Empire. [54]


The Kaiser[]

Wilhelm II or William II (Frederick William Victor Albert of Prussia; 27 January 1859 – 4 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. He was the eldest grandson of the British Queen Victoria and related to many monarchs and princes of Europe, two notable contemporary relations being his first cousin King George V of the United Kingdom, founder of the House of Windsor, and his second cousin Tsar Nicholas II of the House of Romanov, the last ruler of the Russian Empire before the Russian Revolution of 1917 which deposed the monarchy. [55]


Carson: "A German republic? No, I don't think so, Mr Branson. The Kaiser will go, I grant you, and maybe the Crown Prince, too, but there'll be a regency, mark my words. Monarchy is the lifeblood of Europe."
Branson: "Sorry Mr. Carson, but I think you will find that the kings and emperors have had their day; if President Wilson has anything to say about it."
— Episode 2.06

Woodrow Wilson[]

Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States, in office from 1913 to 1921. A leader of the Progressive Movement, he served as President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910, and then as the Governor of New Jersey from 1911 to 1913.[56]


Other historic figures and more[]


Durante degli Alighieri simply referred to as Dante (c. 1265–1321), was a major Italian poet of the Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy, originally called La Comedia and later called Divina by Boccaccio, is widely considered the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language and a masterpiece of world literature.[57]


Matthew: "This is like the outer circle of Dante's Inferno"
Rosamund: "The outer circle?"
— Episode 3.08


Archimedes of Syracuse (c.?287 BC – c.?212 BC) was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity.

Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems, including the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, and the area under a parabola.[58]


Mrs. Hughes: "She won't always be a cook."
Mr. Carson: "Possibly not, but she won't be Archimedes either."
— Episode 5.01


Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941), also known as B-P or Lord Baden-Powell, was a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, founder of the Scout Movement and first Chief Scout of The Boy Scouts Association.[59]


Isobel: "Are you all set for the wedding?"
Mary: "Of course he is. Carson's motto is "Be prepared.""
Violet: "I'm afraid Baden-Powell has stolen it. "
— Episode 3.01

Theda Bara[]

Theda Bara (July 29, 1885 – April 7, 1955) was an American silent film and stage actress.

Bara was one of the most popular actresses of the silent era, and one of cinema's earliest sex symbols. Her femme fatale roles earned her the nickname The Vamp (short for vampire). Bara made more than 40 films between 1914 and 1926, but most are now lost due to a fire that destroyed the majority of her films in 1937. After her marriage to Charles Brabin in 1921, she made two more feature films and retired from acting in 1926 having never appeared in a sound film. She died of stomach cancer at the age of 69.[60]


Carson: "Oh, you should see some of the gadgets in the kitchens. And the bathrooms, oh, goodness me. They're like something out of a film with Theda Bara."
Hughes: "I'm surprised you know who Theda Bara is."
Carson: "Oh, I get about, Mrs Hughes. I get about. "
— Episode 2.07


Béla Viktor János Bartók (March 25, 1881 – September 26, 1945) was a Hungarian composer and pianist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century; he and Liszt are regarded as Hungary's greatest composers. Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of comparative musicology, which later became ethnomusicology.[61]


Violet: "What a relief, I thought we might have been in for some of that awful German lieder. You can always rely on Puccini."
Isobel: "I prefer Bartok."
Violet: "You would."
Episode 4.03

Emily Brontë[]

Emily Jane Brontë (30 July 1818 – 19 December 1848) was an English novelist and poet, best remembered for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature. She was born in the village of Thornton, West Riding of Yorkshire, in Northern England, to Maria Branwell and an Irish father Patrick Brontë. She was the younger sister of Charlotte Brontë and the fifth of six children, though the two oldest girls, Maria and Elizabeth, died in childhood.[62]

Rose: "We're taking my Russians to Haworth to see where the Brontës lived."
Cora: "What will they make of the Brontës?"
Isobel: "Oh good things surely. Hopeless lovers wandering over a desolate moor. If it wasn't Emily Brontë, it could be Tolstoy or Gogol."
Episode 5.03

Lord Byron[]

George Gordon Byron 6th Baron Byron, later George Gordon Noel, 6th Baron Byron (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), commonly known simply as Lord Byron, was an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and the short lyric "She Walks in Beauty." He is regarded as one of the greatest British poets and remains widely read and influential.

He traveled to fight against the Ottoman Empire in the Greek War of Independence, for which Greeks revere him as a national hero. He died at age 36 from a fever contracted while in Missolonghi in Greece.[63]


Violet: "It's too good, the one thing we don't want is a poet in the family."
Isobel: "Would it be so bad?"
Violet: "The only poet peer I am familiar with is Lord Byron, and I presume we all know how that ended?"
— Episode 4.05

Ivy Close[]

Ivy Close (15 June 1890 – 4 December 1968) was a British actress. She acted in 44 films between 1912 and 1929.Her first husband was photographer and filmmaker Elwin Neame (1885-1923). Together they established Ivy Close Films in 1914, one of the first movie production companies founded by a film star.[64]


Alfred: "How about Ivy Close in The Ware Case? She made Lillian Gish look like a school marm."
Ivy: "Ivy Close, it's funny thinking of a film star having your own name."
— Episode 3.07

Phyllis Dare[]

Phyllis Dare (15 August 1890 – 27 April 1975) born Phyllis Constance Haddie Dones in Chelsea, London, was an English singer and actress, famous for her performances in Edwardian musical comedy and other musical theatre in the first half of the 20th century.[65]


James: "I say, Phyllis Dare is going to the Theatre Royal in York. Miss Dare will appear in The Lady of the Rose, the hit musical of the London season."
Ivy: "Who is Phyllis Dare?"
James: "Only one of the Dare sisters"
— Episode 4.02

Emily Davison[]

Emily Wilding Davison (11 October 1872 – 8 June 1913) was a militant activist who fought for women's suffrage in Britain. She was jailed on nine occasions and force-fed 49 times. She is best known for stepping in front of King George V's horse Anmer at the Epsom Derby on 4 June 1913, sustaining injuries that resulted in her death four days later. Emily Davison's funeral on 14 June 1913 organised by the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU). Thousands of suffragettes accompanied the coffin and tens of thousands of people lined the streets of London.[66]


Unnamed speaker: "Last June saw Emily Davison crushed to death beneath the hooves of the king’s horse! Will the summer of 1914 prove as fatal for the hopes of women? It cannot! This historic by-election can be the first step of the journey to women’s equality!"
Unnamed woman: "If you’re so keen on women’s rights, let a woman speak!"
Unnamed man: "But why stop there? Let’s get the dogs up and listen to them bark!"
— Episode 1.06

della Francesca[]

Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 – 12 October 1492) was a painter of the Early Renaissance. As testified by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Artists, to contemporaries he was also known as a mathematician and geometer. Nowadays Piero della Francesca is chiefly appreciated for his art. His painting was characterized by its serene humanism, its use of geometric forms and perspective. His most famous work is the cycle of frescoes The Legend of the True Cross in the church of San Francesco in the Tuscan town of Arezzo.[67]

Kemal Pamuk: "Is this picture really a Della Francesca?"
Mary: "I think so. The second earl brought back several paintings from--"
Episode 1.03

Charles Dickens[]

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's most memorable fictional characters and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period. During his life, his works enjoyed unprecedented fame, and by the twentieth century his literary genius was broadly acknowledged by critics and scholars. His novels and short stories continue to be widely popular.[68]


Mrs. Hughes: "Mr. Carson, he is in the workhouse. And if you were wondering, it is as bad as if it were in a novel by Dickens."
Mr. Carson: "Haven't they closed the workhouses"
Mrs. Hughes: "No they haven't. Not all of them."
— Episode 4.01


Georges Auguste Escoffier (28 October 1846 – 12 February 1935) was a French chef, restaurateur and culinary writer who popularized and updated traditional French cooking methods. He is a legendary figure among chefs and gourmets, and was one of the most important leaders in the development of modern French cuisine.[69]


Arsene Avignon: "In 1917 at our sister hotel in New York, the chef, M. [?], made a soup made popular by M. [?] and the great M. Escoffier. What did he do?"
Student: "He served it cold."
— Episode 4.05

Guy Fawkes[]

Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606), also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish in the Low Countries, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.[70]


William: "There they go, Guy Fawkes and his assistant."
Gwen: "Which is which?"
— Episode 1.07

Lillian Gish[]

Lillian Diana Gish (October 14, 1893 – February 27, 1993) was an American stage, screen and television actress, director and writer whose film acting career spanned 75 years, from 1912 to 1987. Gish was called The First Lady of American Cinema. [71]


Alfred: "Lillian Gish is in it."
Ivy: "I like her."
— Episode 3.07

Maud Gonne[]

Maud Gonne MacBride (21 December 1866 – 27 April 1953) was an English-born Irish revolutionary, feminist and actress, best remembered for her turbulent relationship with poet William Butler Yeats. Of Anglo-Irish stock and birth, she was won over to Irish nationalism by the plight of evicted people in the Land Wars. She was also active in Home Rule activities.[72]


Lady Gregory[]

Isabella Augusta, Lady Gregory (15 March 1852 – 22 May 1932), born Isabella Augusta Persse, was an Irish dramatist, folklorist and theatre manager. With William Butler Yeats and Edward Martyn, she co-founded the Irish Literary Theatre and the Abbey Theatre, and wrote numerous short works for both companies. Lady Gregory produced a number of books of retellings of stories taken from Irish mythology. Born into a class that identified closely with British rule, her conversion to cultural nationalism, as evidenced by her writings, was emblematic of many of the political struggles to occur in Ireland during her lifetime.[73]


Nathaniel Hawthorne[]

Nathaniel Hawthorne born Nathaniel Hathorne (July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist and short story writer.

Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral allegories with a Puritan inspiration. His fiction works are considered part of the Romantic movement and, more specifically, Dark romanticism. His themes often center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his works often have moral messages and deep psychological complexity. His published works include novels, short stories, and a biography of his friend Franklin Pierce.[74]


Violet: "What is The Scarlet Letter?"
Edith: "A novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne."
— Episode 3.07

Edmond Hoyle[]

Edmond Hoyle (1672 - August 29, 1769) was an English writer known for his books on rules and play for card games. The phrase "according to Hoyle" came about in reference to his perceived-authority on the subject of card games.


Harold: "Did this fellow Gregson give you a difficult time of it?"
Sampson: "To be perfectly honest I wasn't sure he was playing strictly according to Hoyle but, we'll leave it since the poor chap's missing."
— 2013 Christmas Special

Jack Johnson[]

John Arthur "Jack" Johnson (March 31, 1878 – June 10, 1946), nicknamed the Galveston Giant. was an American boxer. At the height of the Jim Crow era, Johnson became the first African American world heavyweight boxing champion (1908–1915). In a documentary about his life, Ken Burns notes that "for more than thirteen years, Jack Johnson was the most famous and the most notorious African-American on Earth. [75]


Mary: "I shall have arms like Jack Johnson if I’m not careful."
Matthew: "I’m strong enough to wheel myself."
Mary: "I’ll be the judge of that. "
— Episode 2.06

Dr. Johnson[]

Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709 [O.S. 7 September] – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr Johnson, was an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. Johnson was a devout Anglican and committed Tory, and has been described as "arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history". He is also the subject of "the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature": James Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson.[76]


Mrs. Hughes: "Perhaps people are tired and show."
Mr. Carson: "Well, in my opinion, to misquote Dr Johnson, “if you’re tired of style, you are tired of life.”"
— Episode 3.02

Al Jolson[]

Al Jolson born Asa Yoelson (May 26, 1886 – October 23, 1950) was an American singer, film actor, and comedian. At the peak of his career, he was dubbed "The World's Greatest Entertainer".

His performing style was brash and extroverted, and he popularized a large number of songs that benefited from his "shamelessly sentimental, melodramatic approach".[77]


Rose: "I love Al Jolson. Don't you? I have all his records."
John Bullock: "Including Wp icon 16x16 April Showers?"
Rose: "Of course. I love it madly."
— Episode 4.03

Karl Marx[]

Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and has influenced much of subsequent economic thought. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867–1894).[78]


Tom Mix[]

Thomas Edwin "Tom" Mix (born Thomas Hezikiah Mix; January 6, 1880 – October 12, 1940) was an American film actor and the star of many early Western movies. Between 1909 and 1935, Mix appeared in 291 films, all but nine of which were silent movies. He was Hollywood's first Western megastar and is noted as having helped define the genre for all cowboy actors who followed.[79]


Thomas: "Don’t tell me what I mean, Miss O’Brien. I’m warning you."
O'Brien: "Listen to yourself. You sound like Tom Mix in a Wild West picture show. Stop warning me and go and lay out His Lordship’s pyjamas."
— Episode 3.02

Mabel Normand[]

Mabel Normand was an American silent film comedienne and actress. She was a popular star of Mack Sennett's Keystone Studios and is noted as one of the film industry's first female screenwriters, producers and directors. Onscreen she co-starred in commercially successful films with Charles Chaplin and Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle more than a dozen times each, occasionally writing and directing movies featuring Chaplin as her leading man. At the height of her career in the late 1910s and early 1920s, Normand had her own movie studio and production company.[80]


Daisy: "What you reading?"
Ethel: "Photoplay about Mable Normand. She was nothing when she started, you know. Her father was a carpenter and they'd no money, and now she's a shining film star. "
— Episode 2.01

Sylvia Pankhurst[]

Estelle Sylvia Pankhurst (5 May 1882 – 27 September 1960) was an English campaigner for the suffragist movement in the United Kingdom. She was for a time a prominent left communist who then devoted herself to the cause of anti-fascism.

During the First World War, Sylvia was horrified to see her mother, Emmeline, and her sister, Christabel, become enthusiastic supporters of the war drive and campaigning in favour of military conscription. She herself was opposed to the war. Her organization attempted to organize the defence of the interests of women in the poorer parts of London. It set up "cost-price" restaurants to feed the hungry without the taint of charity. It also established a toy factory in order to give work to women who had become unemployed because of the war.[81]


Branson: "I'm sorry. I'll not deny it. I never thought they'd do it. But sometimes a future needs terrible sacrifices. You thought that once. "
Sybil: "If you mean my politics, you know we've agreed to put that to one side until the war is won."
Branson: "Your lot did. But Sylvia Pankhurst was all for fighting on."
Sybil: "Don't badger me, please!"
— Episode 2.05

Charles Ponzi[]

Carlo Pietro Giovanni Guglielmo Tebaldo Ponzi (March 3, 1882 – January 18, 1949), commonly known as Charles Ponzi, was an Italian businessman and con artist in the U.S. and Canada. His aliases include Charles Ponci, Carlo and Charles P. Bianchi. Born in Italy, he became known in the early 1920s as a swindler in North America for his money making scheme. Charles Ponzi promised clients a 50% profit within 45 days, or 100% profit within 90 days, by buying discounted postal reply coupons in other countries and redeeming them at face value in the United States as a form of arbitrage. In reality, Ponzi was paying early investors using the investments of later investors. This type of scheme is now known as a "Ponzi scheme". His scheme ran for over a year before it collapsed, costing his "investors" $20 million.[82]


There's a chap in America. What's his name? Charles ... Ponzi, who offers a huge return after 90 days.

The Pope[]

Pope Benedict XV (21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa, was the head of the Catholic Church from 3 September 1914 to his death in 1922. His pontificate was largely overshadowed by World War I and its political, social and humanitarian consequences in Europe.[83]


Mary: "Well you and granny are ganging up on Tom!"
Violet: "Not me! The Dowager Duchess of Norfork is a dear friend, and she is more Catholic than the Pope!"
— Episode 3.06

Lord and Lady Powerscourt[]

Mervyn Richard Wingfield (16 July 1880 – 21 March 1947) and Sybil Pleydell-Bouverie were Irish peers where he was the 8th Viscount Powerscourt.

He was born to Mervyn Wingfield, 7th Viscount Powerscourt, whom he succeeded as Viscount Powerscourt in 1904. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Wicklow on 15 February 1910 and created a Knight of the Order of St Patrick on 18 April 1916. He died on 21 March 1947.

In 1903, he married Sybil Pleydell-Bouverie: they had three children, including Mervyn Patrick Wingfield, 9th Viscount Powerscourt. Lady Powerscourt served as the Girl Guides Deputy Chief Commissioner for Ireland.

They are great-grandparents of Sarah, Duchess of York through her mother Susan Barrantes, who is Powerscourt's granddaughter.[84]


Duchess of Yeovil: "I love Wicklow, of course you must know the Powerscourts?"
Tom Branson: "I know of Lord Powerscourt, yes."
Duchess of Yeovil: "Lady Powerscourt is my niece, have you met her?"
— Episode 4.03

This Princip Fellow[]

Gavrilo Princip (25 July [O.S. 13 July] 1894 – 28 April 1918) was a Bosnian Serb who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. Princip and his accomplices were arrested and implicated a number of members of the Serbian military, leading Austria-Hungary to issue a démarche to Serbia known as the July Ultimatum. This was used as pretext for Austria-Hungary's invasion on Serbia, which then led to World War I.[85]


Gwen: "Anything in the paper, Thomas?"
Thomas: "They've arrested this Princip fellow and his gang. All Serbian and members of the Black Hand."
— Episode 1.07


Giacomo Puccini (22 December 1858 – 29 November 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas are among the important operas played as standards.

Puccini has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi". While his early work was rooted in traditional late-19th-century romantic Italian opera, he successfully developed his work in the realistic verismo style, of which he became one of the leading exponents.[86]



Christina Rosetti (5 December 1830 – 29 December 1894) Her father was the poet Gabriele Rossetti; her brother was major Pre-Raphaelite painter and poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Christina Rossetti is best known for her ballads, her religious lyrics, and her themes of death, salvation, and redemption. Rossetti's best-known work, Goblin Market and Other Poems, was published in 1862. The collection established Rossetti as a significant voice in Victorian poetry. The lines quoted in Episode 4.03 are from her poem, Remember (1862): Better by far you should forget and smileThan that you should remember and be sad.[87]


Violet: "Better by far that you should forget his smile, than to remember and be sad."
Isobel: "But Rosetti was writing about her own death, not her child's."
— Episode 4.03


John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, also an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist. He wrote on subjects ranging from geology to architecture, myth to ornithology, literature to education, and botany to political economy. His writing styles and literary forms were equally varied. Ruskin penned essays and treatises, poetry and lectures, travel guides and manuals, letters and even a fairy tale. The elaborate style that characterised his earliest writing on art was later superseded by a preference for plainer language designed to communicate his ideas more effectively. In all of his writing, he emphasised the connections between nature, art and society. He also made detailed sketches and paintings of rocks, plants, birds, landscapes, and architectural structures and ornamentation.[88]


Robert: "If it had been left to that bloody fool, Branson. You should see what he reads. It's all Marx and Ruskin and John Stuart Mill. I ask you. "
Mary: "Papa prefers the servants to read the bible and letters from home."
— Episode 1.06


William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, the authorship of some of which is uncertain. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.[89]


Daisy: "I don't know what to say."
Mrs. Patmore: "It doesn't matter. He's dying. Just say nice, warm, comforting things. Make him feel loved. You don't have to be Shakespeare."
— Episode 2.05

Wat Tyler[]

Wat Tyler (died 15 June 1381) was a leader of the 1381 Peasants' Revolt in England. He marched a group of protesters from Canterbury to the capital to oppose the institution of a poll tax. While the brief rebellion enjoyed early success, Tyler was killed by officers of King Richard II during negotiations at Smithfield in London.[90]


Ethan: "Would you mind"
James: "I'm a footman, I don't have the right to mind"
Carson: "Thank you, Wat Tyler."
— 2013 Christmas Special

Rudolph Valentino[]

Rodolfo Alfonso Raffaello Pierre Filibert Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguolla professionally known as Rudolph Valentino (May 6, 1895 – August 23, 1926), was an Italian actor who starred in several well-known silent films including The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The Sheik, Blood and Sand, The Eagle, and The Son of the Sheik. An early pop icon, a sex symbol of the 1920s, he was known as the "Latin Lover" or simply as "Valentino". He had applied for American citizenship shortly before his death, which occurred at age 31, causing mass hysteria among his female fans and further propelling him into icon status.[91]


Mrs. Patmore: "What are you going to see?"
James: "The Sheik"
Mrs. Patmore: "Ooh, I like that Rudolph Valentino."
— Episode 4.06

Jules Verne[]

Jules Verne (8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright best known for his adventure novels and his profound influence on the literary genre of science fiction.[92]


O'Brien: "You'll have to find some work."
Thomas: "It's not that easy. Every Tom, Dick, and Harry's looking for work these days and they don't all have a hand like a Jules Verne experiment."
— Episode 2.08

H. G. Wells[]

Herbert George "H. G." Wells (21 September 1866 – 13 August 1946) was an English writer, now best known for his work in the science fiction genre. He was also a prolific writer in many other genres, including contemporary novels, history, politics and social commentary, even writing textbooks and rules for war games. Wells is sometimes called "The Father of Science Fiction", as are Jules Verne and Hugo Gernsback. His most notable science fiction works include The War of the Worlds, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man and The Island of Doctor Moreau.[93]


Matthew: "It seems very wise to get a telephone now. If there is a war, it may be very hard to have one installed in a private house."
Robert: "Well, let me show you where we're going to put it."
Violet: "First electricity, now telephones. Sometimes I feel as if I were living in an H.G. Wells novel. But the young are all so calm about change, aren't they? Look at Matthew. I do admire him."
— Episode 1.07

Oscar Wilde[]

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish writer and poet. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today he is remembered for his epigrams, his only novel (The Picture of Dorian Gray), his plays, and the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death.[94]


O'Brien: "Well I am surprised you are a fan of Mr. Oscar Wilde"
Bates: "You have known about Mr. Barrow all along. So what has changed now?"
— Episode 3.08

Sarah Wilson[]

Sarah Wilson (1865 – 22 October 1929), born Lady Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-Churchill, became the first woman war correspondent in 1899, when she was recruited by Alfred Harmsworth to cover the Siege of Mafeking for the Daily Mail during the Boer War. She was the youngest daughter of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough.[95]


Violet: "What do you mean you wrote to a newspaper? No lady writes to a newspaper."
Edith: "What about Lady Sarah Wilson? She’s the daughter of a duke and she worked as a war journalist."
Violet: "Well, she’s a Churchill. The Churchills are different."
— Episode 3.04

Andromeda, Cepheus and Perseus[]

Andromeda, Cepheus and Perseus On the way back to Seriphos Island, Perseus stopped in the kingdom of Ethiopia. This mythical Ethiopia was ruled by King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia. Cassiopeia, having boasted her daughter Andromeda equal in beauty to the Nereids, drew down the vengeance of Poseidon, who sent an inundation on the land and a sea serpent, Cetus, which destroyed man and beast. The oracle of Ammon announced that no relief would be found until the king exposed his daughter Andromeda to the monster, and so she was fastened naked to a rock on the shore. Perseus slew the monster and, setting her free, claimed her in marriage.[96]


Mary: "Her father was King Cepheus, whose country was being ravaged by storms, and in the end, he decided the only way to appease the gods was to sacrifice his eldest daughter to a hideous sea monster. So, they chained her naked to a rock..."
Matthew: "But the sea monster didn't get her, did he?"
Mary: "No. Just when it seemed he was the only solution to her father's problems, she was rescued."
Matthew: "By Perseus."
— Episode 1.02

Angel Clare[]

Angel Clare is the son of a preacher and suitor to Tess Durbeyfield in the Thomas Hardy novel Tess of the d'Urbervilles. Tess believes she is unworthy of his proposal due to a prior rape and resulting child that only lived a couple days.



Augeus In Greek mythology, Augeas (or Augeias), whose name means "bright", was king of Elis and father of Epicaste. Some say that Augeas was one of the Argonauts. He is best known for his stables, which housed the single greatest number of cattle in the country and had never been cleaned—until the time of the great hero Heracles. The fifth Labour of Heracles[97] (Hercules in Latin) was to clean the Augean stables.[98]


Mary: "A-ha, you started on the Augean task. How are you getting on?"
Matthew: "Badly. I’m beginning to get a sense of how it all works."
Mary: "In a way, it’s probably best you tackle it by yourself."
— Episode 3.04


Belshazzar "Bel, protect the king", sometimes called Balthazar, was a 6th-century BC prince of Babylon, the son of Nabonidus and the last king of Babylon, according to the Book of Daniel in the Hebrew Bible. In Daniel 5 and 8, Belshazzar is the King of Babylon before the advent of the Medes and Persians. Although there is evidence that Belshazzar existed, his famous narrative and its details are only recorded in the Book of Daniel, which tells the story of Belshazzar seeing the writing on the wall.

William: "What are you giving them to eat?"
Mrs. Patmore: "Not much. They know the money's for the hospital, so they can't expect Belshazzar's feast."
Episode 2.01

Cat that walked by himself[]

The cat that walked by himself is a character and chapter in Just so Stories[99] by Rudyard Kipling. It explains how man domesticated all the wild animals except for the cat.


Matthew: "Seriously, I can only relax because I know that you have a real life coming. If I ever thought I was putting that in jeopardy, I’d go away and never see you again."
Mary: "You don’t mean that."
Matthew: "But I do. I am the cat that walks by himself and all places are alike to me. I have nothing to give and nothing to share. If you were not engaged to be married, I wouldn’t let you anywhere near me."
— Episode 2.06

Fu Manchu[]

Dr. Fu Manchu is a fictional character introduced in a series of novels by British author Sax Rohmer during the first half of the 20th century. The character was also featured extensively in cinema, television, radio, comic strips and comic books for over 90 years, and has become an archetype of the evil criminal genius while lending the name to the Fu Manchu moustache.[100]


Gunga Din[]

Gunga Din is the principle character in a rhyming narrative poem by Rudyard Kipling[101], told from the point of view of an English soldier in India, about an Indian water-bearer (a "Bhishti") who saves the soldier's life but is soon shot and killed. In the final three lines, the soldier regrets the abuse he dealt to Din and admits that Din is the better man of the two for sacrificing his own life to save another. [102]


Isobel: "Are you thinking of getting married Dr. Clarkson, because if you are you are a better man than I am Gunga Din."
Dr. Clarkson: "Why"
Isobel: "Well, with good friends like you I am enjoying life as it is and I wouldn't want to risk things by changing it."
— 2012 Christmas Special


Iphigenia is a daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra in Greek mythology, whom Agamemnon is commanded to kill as a sacrifice to allow his ships to sail to Troy. In Attic accounts, her name means "strong-born", "born to strength", or "she who causes the birth of strong offspring."[103]


Cora: "Before you scold me, it’s no good pretending Mary is not a good deal too attached to Matthew."
Robert: "So you summon Lavinia? To be sacrificed like some latter day Iphigenia doomed to push his chair through all eternity?"
Cora: "Robert. It’s quite simple. Do you want Mary’s marriage to be a success? Do you want grandchildren?"
Robert: "Sometimes, Cora, you can be curiously unfeeling."
— Episode 2.06


Juliet Capulet is the heroine of William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet.[104] She falls in love with Romeo Montague, though their fathers' and respective families are rivals. Nevertheless they marry in secret. When her parents try to force her into a marriage with another nobleman, she drinks a potion that makes her appear dead. Unfortunately, Romeo does not know what she did and believes her to have died. She awakes shortly after he enters the tomb and commits suicide. She follows in suit. Their deaths and now revealed marriage ends their families' feud.

Violet confronts Matthew and tells him Mary is still in love with him after he announces his intention to marry Lavinia. Violet says that Mary looked like Juliet upon awakening in the tomb when he made the announcement.


Violet: "Mary is still in love with you."
Matthew: "What?"
Violet: "I was watching her the other night when you spoke of your wedding. She looked like...Juliet on awakening in the tomb."
— Episode 2.07

Mrs. Bennet[]

Mrs Bennet appears in the novel Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen[105]. She is the wife of her social superior Mr. Bennet and mother of five daughters including Elizabeth. She is frivolous, excitable, and narrow-minded, and she imagines herself susceptible to attacks of tremors and palpitations. Her public manners and social climbing are embarrassing to Jane and Elizabeth. Her favourite daughter is the youngest, Lydia, who reminds her of herself when younger, though she values the beauty of the eldest, Jane. Her main ambition in life is to marry her daughters to wealthy men.[106]


Lady Shackleton: "Of course a single peer with a good estate won't be lonely long if he doesn't want to be."
Violet: "You sound like Mrs. Bennet"
— Episode 5.01

Princess Aurora / Sleeping Beauty[]

Princess Aurora is one of the names associated with the princess in Sleeping Beauty[107] from The Beauty Sleeping in the Wood (La Belle au bois dormant) by Charles Perrault and Little Briar Rose (Dornröschen) by the Brothers Grimm. The name was not firmly associated with Sleeping Beauty until the 1959 Disney film by the same name.

Robert: "Mary has more suitors tonight than the Princess Aurora."
Violet: "Will she judge them sensibly?"
Robert: "Oh, no one's sensible at her age. Nor should they be. That's our role."
Episode 1.03

Simon Legree[]

Simon Legree is a character appearing in Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly by American novelist Harriet Beecher Stowe[108]. Simon Legree is a cruel slave owner, a Northerner (US) by birth whose name has become synonymous with greed. He is arguably the novel's main antagonist.[109]


Timothy Drewe: "You mean you want to farm the land yourself. Then it is all settled."
Robert: "Mr. Drewe, it is no good painting me as Simon Legree. We left your father a long time to get straight and left him alone at the end of his life."
— Episode 4.05

Lady of Shalott[]

The Lady of Shalott is a Victorian ballad by the English poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson[110]. He wrote two versions of the poem. The poem was loosely based on the Arthurian legend of Elaine of Astolat, as recounted in a thirteenth-century Italian novella titled Donna di Scalotta, with the earlier version being closer to the source material than the later. Tennyson focused on the Lady's isolation in the tower and her decision to participate in the living world, two subjects not even mentioned in Donna di Scalotta.[111]


Tom: "Is something the matter?"
Isobel: "If it is it shouldn't be."
Tom: "It's the first time I have heard her laugh since it happened."
Isobel: "I know, I don't want her to spend her life in sorrow, she isn't the Lady of Shalott."
— Episode 4.03


Methuselah[112] "Man of the dart/spear", or alternatively "his death shall bring judgment" is the man in the Hebrew Bible reported to have lived the longest. Extra-biblical tradition maintains that he died on the 11th of Cheshvan of the year 1656 (Anno Mundi, after Creation), at the age of 969, seven days before the beginning of the Great Flood. Methuselah was the son of Enoch and the grandfather of Noah.

The name Methuselah, or the phrase "old as Methuselah", is commonly used to refer to any living thing reaching great age.


Robert: "Happy New Year, Mama."
Violet: "1920. Is it to be believed? I feel as old as Methuselah."
Robert: "But so much prettier."
— 2011 Christmas Special

Mrs. Tanqueray (2nd)[]

Paula Tanqueray, previously Jarman The Second Mrs. Tanqueray is a character in an eponymous play by Sir Arthur Wing Pinero[113]. It adopts the 'Woman with a past' plot, popular in nineteenth century melodrama.

The play opens with a late night dinner between the widower Mr Tanqueray and some of his long time professional friends. All are upper class members of British Society, and are very disturbed when they learn of the upcoming second marriage of Tanqueray to a Mrs Paula Jarman, a lower class woman with a known sexual past.

As the play progresses we see the misery of the mismatched couple and their shared efforts to foster a bond between the young, but impeccably proper Miss Eillean Tanqueray and her young unhappy stepmother. This is compromised when Mrs Tanqueray learns the identity of her stepdaughter's fiancé; he is the man who ruined her, years ago. She reveals her knowledge to her husband, who prevents the marriage and alienates his daughter. This alienation spreads and husband and wife, father and daughter, step-parent and child are all angered and alone. When the daughter learns the reasons behind her disappointment she is struck with pity and makes a speech about trying again with her stepmother, only to go to her and find her dead, apparently by suicide.[114]


Rosamund: "You're not being fair. I will support you whatever you decide...Just as Cora will, and Robert."
Edith: "That sounds like a speech from 'The Second Mrs. Tanqueray'. But you don't mean a word of it."
— Episode 4.07

Sydney Carton[]

Sydney Carton is a central character in the novel A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens. He is a shrewd young Englishman and sometime junior to his fellow barrister C.J. Stryver. In the novel, he is seen to be a drunkard, self-indulgent and self-pitying because of his wasted life. He has a strong, unrequited love for Lucie Manette.[115]


Carson: "And now my disgrace is complete. My lord, you have my resignation."
Robert: "Really, Carson, there's no need to be quite so melodramatic. You're not playing Sydney Carton."
— Episode 1.02

Tess of the d'Urbervilles[]

Tess Durbeyfield is the principle character in the Thomas Hardy[116] novel Tess of the d'Urbervilles[117]. Tess, through her father, believes they are related to the d'Urbervilles, not realizing that it was a purchased title, and is raped by "cousin" Alec d'Urbervilles.

Several years later the son of a preacher named Angel Clare proposes to her. This puts her in a painful dilemma, Angel obviously thinks her a virgin and she shrinks from confessing her past.


Mary: "It was lust, Matthew! Or a need for excitement, or something in him that I...Oh, God, what difference does it make? I’m Tess of the d'Urbervilles to your Angel Clare. I have fallen. I am impure."
Matthew: "Don’t joke. Don’t make it little, not when I’m trying to understand."
Mary: "Thank you for that. But the fact remains...that I am made different by it. Things have changed between us."
— 2011 Christmas Special

Bishop Richard De Warren[]

Bishop Richard De Warren is credited by Edith as having built the side aisle of one of the churches she and Matthew visit.

Matthew: "Does it say anything about the side aisle?"
Edith: "The side aisles were added in the 14th century by Bishop Richard De Warren."
Episode 1.03


Beth was one of the servants at Crawley House, who worked for Matthew and Isobel Crawley after they moved there. She doubled as housemaid and kitchen maid.



Isobel Crawley: "So, are you the whole of our new household?"
Joseph Molesley: "There's a local girl, ma'am, Beth. She to double under housemaid and kitchen maid."
Isobel Crawley and her new butler, Joseph Molesley, upon her arrival at Crawley House.[src]

Corporal Frank Brown[]

Corporal Frank Brown was a corporal who fought for the British in the Great War, in the Duke of Manchester's Own regiment. He died sometime before 1919, and was buried at the cemetery in Downton, by Thomas Jackson and William Mason, who served in the same regiment.


Mr Bromidge's mother[]

Mr Bromidge's mother was a housemaid and the mother of Mr Bromidge. She was instrumental in the employment of Gwen Dawson as her son's new secretary in 1914, as Gwen was a housemaid herself.


Ivy Burns[]

Ivy Burns is the deceased wife of Joe Burns.

Mrs. Hughes: "Yes, it must have been hard for you when Ivy died."
Joe Burns: "Took some getting used to."
Episode 1.04

Peter Burns[]

Peter Burns is the son of Joe and Ivy Burns who went off to join the army.


Episode 1.04 (Mentioned only)

Mrs. Hughes: "What about your son? Do you see much of him?"
Joe Burns: "Peter? No. I would’ve given him a share of the farm if he wanted it, but he’s joined the army."
Episode 1.04

General Burton[]

General Burton commands the Richmond division according to Dr. Clarkson at the time Thomas is inquiring about a medical position.

I've done as I promised. General Burton is commanding the Division at Richmond and I think I may have a place there for you.
—Dr. Clarkson to Thomas Barrow, Episode 1.07

Colonel Cartwright[]

Colonel Cartwright would be the commanding officer for Thomas according to Dr. Clarkson, under General Burton.

Under Colonel Cartwright. These are the papers.
—Dr. Clarkson to Thomas Barrow, Episode 1.07

Jack Courtenay[]

Jack Courtenay was Lt. Edward Courtenay's youngest brother. When his brother became blind from mustard gas in 1917, his family wrote to him saying that Jack had Edward's best interest at heart, having decided to take Edward's place in the army.

Thomas: ""Things cannot be as they were and, whatever you might think, Jack has your best interest at heart.""
Edward Courtenay: "Stop."
Thomas: "Who's Jack?"
Edward Courtenay: "My younger brother. He means to replace me. It's what he's always wanted."
Thomas Barrow reading a letter to the now-blind Edward Courtenay[src]


Mr Cox[]

Mr Cox was mentioned by Joss Tufton in the 2012 Christmas Special. He was a produce supplier based in Thirsk and was one of Mrs. Patmore's suppliers at Downton Abbey. In 1921 he sold his shop to Tufton.


Mr Crump[]

Mr Crump was mentioned by a stranger Sybil and Gwen meet in episode 1.05 on the way back from Gwen's interview and after the horse has lost a shoe. He was mentioned as the smith in the next town.



Sybil: "Can you help? I should be so grateful. Our horse has cast his shoe. Is there a smithy nearby?"
Stranger: "Ah, you can try old Crump in the next village."
Sybil: "Thank you."
Episode 1.05

Walter Evans[]

Walter Evans was a villager of Downton who, in 1912, won the annual Chadacre Cup for Best Exotic Plant at the Downton Village Flower Show.

Mrs. Gaunt[]

Mrs. Gaunt is the telephone operator at the time the telephone is first installed at Downton Abbey. She is not seeen but is on the other end of the line when Carson first tries to use the phone.

Carson: "I'm not shouting! Who are you?"
Mrs. Gaunt: "Mrs Gaunt."
Carson: "Oh, Mrs Gaunt."
Mrs. Gaunt: "What number do you want?"
Carson: "No, I don't want to place a call."
Episode 1.07

Lizzy Gregson[]

Lizzy Gregson is the wife of Michael Gregson.

Michael tells Edith Crawley that his wife is insane, and was placed in an asylum some time before 1920. He goes on to tell Edith that Lizzy used to be a wonderful person whom he loved very much, and that it was very hard for him to finally accept that the woman he knew and loved was, in his words, "gone" and "wouldn't be coming back".

He wants to marry Edith by 1921, but they both already know it is impossible for Michael to divorce her, because being a lunatic does not make Lizzy responsible in the eyes of the law, so she is neither the guilty nor the innocent party.

However, by 1922 Michael, determined to be with Edith, had learned that in other countries insanity is legal grounds for divorce. He tells her that he has learned if he becomes a German ctiizen, he can divorce Lizzy.


Mr Harlip[]

Mr Harlip was a cousin of Vera Bates's, who lived in the north of England.



Bates: "How did you get on with Vera's book?"
Anna: "I had a few answers waiting for me when I got back. And two returned "address unknown"."
Bates: "Who from?"
Anna: "Let me see, one was a Mr Harlip, I think, and the other was Mrs Bartlett."
Bates: "Harlip, he doesn't matter. He was a cousin in the north, she never saw him. But Mrs Bartlett's a shame. She lived on the corner, she was very friendly with Vera."
John Bates and Anna Bates in Episode 3.02.

Thomas Jackson[]

Private Thomas Jackson was a private who fought for the British in the Great War, in the Duke of Manchester's Own regiment. He died sometime before 1919, and was buried at the cemetery in Downton, by Corporal Frank Brown and William Mason, who served in the same regiment.


Mrs Margadale[]

Mrs Margadale is Terence Margadale's wife. Her husband is committing adultery with Lady Rose MacClare, the daughter of the man her husband works under.

In the Blue Dragon, when Lady Rosamund asks him where his wife is after catching him with Lady Rose, he replies she is in the country, but stutters and says no more.

Rose later tells Matthew that Mrs. Margadale "is absolutely horrid." Matthew angrily replies Rose should meet her before jumping to conclusions.


Monk is a servant of Michael Gregson.


Clive Pullbrook[]

Clive Pullbrook was an acquaintance of Reggie Swire's, who was supposed to be the second-in-line to receive the entirety of Swire's fortune. Reginald Swire, in the event of the death of his only daughter, left a last will which left his fortune to one of three men. The fortune which was much greater than his life seemed to suggest was to remain undivided and going to the first man on the list provided that he survive Reggie. Clive Pullbrook is the second man on the list, the first one having died. Before late 1919, Mr Pullbrook travelled to India, to visit some tea plantations that he owned there. He went missing there in India, and had never been seen again. After Swire's death, in the last few days of December 1919, he was impossible to reach. People were sent to search for him and it was discovered that he had been killed. The question remained as to whether he had died before or after Swire. Had he died before Swire then the money went to Matthew Crawley the third-in-line, but had he died after Swire the money would go to Pullbrook's heirs. It was determined that he died before, thus Matthew Crawley, was the heir. His receiving the money was delayed until a death certificate could be obtained from India, not an immediate task. Eventually the certificate arrived and was brought to Matthew by Swire's lawyer Mr. Charkham. Matthew Crawley was then able to claim the money and invested it in Downton Abbey. Swire wrote a letter to each of his potential heirs. As Pullbrook did not survive to inherit, his letter was not delivered. Mary Crawley at one point calls him Mr. Pillbox.



Matthew: "Sometime before Reggie's death, Pullbrook travelled to the East, to India, to some tea plantations he owned there."
Isobel: "And?"
Matthew: "He's never been heard of since. They've made enquiries, they've sent an agent out to visit his property... There's no sign of him."
— An exchange between Matthew Crawley and his mother, Isobel, when he learns that with Pullbrook missing, he'll inherit Reggie Swire's fortune.[src]

David White[]

David White was a villager of Downton who, in 1912, won an award at the annual Downton Village Flower Show.


  1. Wp icon 16x16 RMS Titanic
  2. Downton Abbey Series 1 Official Script: Page 29. A discussion between Murray and Robert occurs.
    • Murray: "It was right to bury Mr Crawley in Canada. In fact I hear the Canadians are making quite a thing of the Titanic cemetery."
    • Robert: "It seems strange to have buried James without Patrick."
    • Murray: "They may still find some trace of him."
    • Robert: "After three months? I doubt it. No, I'm afraid Patrick was food for the fishes long ago."
  3. Debretts, the correct form of address for younger sons of an Earl.
  4. Series 1 Press Pack, page 12
  5. Episode 5.02
  6. Downton Abbey Scripts (Official): Page 532. A conversation between Carson and Mrs Hughes takes place:
    • Mrs Hughes: I think I'll say goodnight. I've got a long day tomorrow.
    • Carson: I don't envy you.
    • Mrs Hughes: I can't bear to think about it. What can they want from me?
    • Carson: Just do your best, and you'll be home before you know it.
    • Mrs Hughes: And what news will I bring with me? That reminds me. What should we do about the Servants' Ball? It's only five days away. Can we delay it?
    • Carson: But the Servants' Ball is always held on the twelfth of January, the birthday of the first Countess.
    • Mrs Hughes: I don't care if it's the birthday of Chu Chin Chow. This year, should we hold it back?
    • Carson: The verdict will guide us to the appropriate response.
  7. Episode 5.02
  8. Violet confirms this in Series 1 Episode 1, when talking to the Duke of Crowborough: "Then I do hope you'll come and inspect my little cottage. It was designed by Wren for the first Earl's sister.".
  9. Episode 5.02
  10. this link indicates that Robert is the 5th Earl, so his father would be the 4th Earl, but Sybil's grave stone has not appeared in any episode, so cannot be considered canonical.
  11. Episode 3.08
  12. Episode 5.02
  13. Series 3: Episode 3: Robert mentions Banning as a "cousin of Granny's" when he and the family are exiting Downton Abbey to go to Downton Place
  14. Violet married in 1860, meaning her aunt flourished during the 1860s as she was able to give Violet the vase.
  15. Wp icon 16x16 Spanish-American War
  16. Wp icon 16x16 Astor family
  17. Wp icon 16x16 Madeleine Astor
  18. Wp icon 16x16 Grand Trunk Railway
  19. Wp icon 16x16 Charles Melville Hays
  20. Wp icon 16x16 Fifth Officer Harold Godfrey Lowe
  21. Wp icon 16x16 Lucy Rothes
  22. Wp icon 16x16 Norman Leslie, 19th Earl of Rothes
  23. Robert confirms this in the 2012 Christmas Special
  24. Episode 3.08
  25. Monarch of the Glen at Newtonmore Business Association web site
  26. The book The Chronicles of Downton Abbey confirms that Isidore was Jewish
  27. Episode 3.02: Martha claims that Isidore "tied the money up tight" thinking that "the Crawley family had had quite enough"
  28. In Episode 3.02, Martha states that she could not "touch the capital" and that her income is "generous".
  29. Violet mentions the Duchess as "Dowager" and being a dear friend; Violet is in her 70s in Series 3, and the 15th Duke's widow, Gwendolyn Constable-Maxwell, was only 43 at the time, and thus unlikely to be a "dear friend of Violet, being more than a generation out.
  30. Wp icon 16x16 Herbert Henry Asquith
  31. Wp icon 16x16 John Ward
  32. Wp icon 16x16 Napoleon
  33. Wp icon 16x16 King Canute
  34. Wp icon 16x16 Winston Churchill
  35. Wp icon 16x16 Albert B. Fall
  36. Wp icon 16x16 Franz Ferdinand
  37. Wp icon 16x16 Robert Henley
  38. Wp icon 16x16 Slavery at common law
  39. Wp icon 16x16 Thomas Jefferson
  40. Wp icon 16x16 Alexander Kerensky
  41. Wp icon 16x16 Vladimir Lenin
  42. Wp icon 16x16 David Lloyd George
  43. Wp icon 16x16 George III
  44. Wp icon 16x16 Ramsay MacDonald
  45. Crofter: n. Brit. A person who rents and works a small farm, esp. in Scotland or N England.
  46. Wp icon 16x16 Niccolò Machiavelli (Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli)
  47. Wp icon 16x16 Marie Antoinette
  48. Wp icon 16x16 Constance Georgine Markievicz
  49. Wp icon 16x16 John Stuart Mill
  50. Wp icon 16x16 Nicholas II
  51. Wp icon 16x16 Queen of Naples
  52. Wp icon 16x16 Maximilien de Robespierre
  53. Wp icon 16x16 Reign of Terror
  54. Wp icon 16x16 Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm
  55. Wp icon 16x16 Kaiser Wilhelm II
  56. Wp icon 16x16 Woodrow Wilson
  57. Wp icon 16x16 Dante Alighieri
  58. Wp icon 16x16 Archimedes
  59. Wp icon 16x16 Robert Baden-Powell
  60. Wp icon 16x16 Theda Bara
  61. Wp icon 16x16 Béla Bartók
  62. Wp icon 16x16 Emily Brontë
  63. Wp icon 16x16 Lord Byron
  64. Wp icon 16x16 Ivy Close
  65. Wp icon 16x16 Phyllis Dare
  66. Wp icon 16x16 Emily Davison
  67. Wp icon 16x16 Piero della Francesca
  68. Wp icon 16x16 Charles Dickens
  69. Wp icon 16x16 Georges Auguste Escoffier
  70. Wp icon 16x16 Guy Fawkes
  71. Wp icon 16x16 Lillian Gish
  72. Wp icon 16x16 Maud Gonne
  73. Wp icon 16x16 Lady Gregory
  74. Wp icon 16x16 Nathaniel Hawthorne
  75. Wp icon 16x16 Jack Johnson
  76. Wp icon 16x16 Samuel Johnson
  77. Wp icon 16x16 Al Jolson
  78. Wp icon 16x16 Karl Marx
  79. Wp icon 16x16 Tom Mix
  80. Wp icon 16x16 Mabel Normand
  81. Wp icon 16x16 Sylvia Pankhurst
  82. Wp icon 16x16 Charles Ponzi
  83. Wp icon 16x16 Pope Benedict XV
  84. Wp icon 16x16 8th Viscount Powerscourt
  85. Wp icon 16x16 Gavrilo Princip
  86. Wp icon 16x16 Giacomo Puccini
  87. Wp icon 16x16 Christina Rossetti
  88. Wp icon 16x16 John Ruskin
  89. Wp icon 16x16 William Shakespeare
  90. Wp icon 16x16 Wat Tyler
  91. Wp icon 16x16 Rudolph Valentino
  92. Wp icon 16x16 Jules Verne
  93. Wp icon 16x16 H. G. Wells
  94. Wp icon 16x16 Oscar Wilde
  95. Wp icon 16x16 Sarah Wilson
  96. Wp icon 16x16 Perseus
  97. Wp icon 16x16 Labours of Hercules
  98. Wp icon 16x16 Augeas
  99. Wp icon 16x16 Just So Stories
  100. Wp icon 16x16 Fu Manchu
  101. Wp icon 16x16 Rudyard Kipling
  102. Wp icon 16x16 Gunga Din
  103. Wp icon 16x16 Iphigenia
  104. Wp icon 16x16 Romeo and Juliet
  105. Wp icon 16x16 Jane Austen
  106. Wp icon 16x16 Mrs. Bennet
  107. Wp icon 16x16 Sleeping Beauty
  108. Wp icon 16x16 Harriet Beecher Stowe
  109. Wp icon 16x16 Uncle Tom's Cabin
  110. Wp icon 16x16 Alfred, Lord Tennyson
  111. Wp icon 16x16 The Lady of Shalott
  112. Wp icon 16x16 Methuselah
  113. Wp icon 16x16 Arthur Wing Pinero
  114. Wp icon 16x16 The Second Mrs Tanqueray
  115. Wp icon 16x16 Sydney Carton
  116. Wp icon 16x16 Thomas Hardy
  117. Wp icon 16x16 Tess of the d'Urbervilles